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CE认证-无线电设备指令(RED)

文章出处:未知 人气:发表时间:2018-08-24

ce认证无线电设备指令 2014/53/EU于2016年6月13日发布,代替了R&TTE指令 1999/05/CE。为了确保平稳过渡,规定了在一年的期间,这两个指示将同时适用。然而,2017年6月13日起,所有无线设备必须符合指令(RED)的要求。

 

指令 2014/53/EU的范围

新指令的制定是为了规范市场准入的标准,并利用无线电频谱推出越来越多的互联电气和电子产品。该指令的要求适用于所有有意发射或接收无线电波的设备(除了少数例外,包括海军舰艇的无线电设备、公共安全和政府设备以及一些航空设备)。应该指出的是,RED包括不属于R&TTE指令范围的产品,例如所有类型的无线电接收机和低于9 KHz的设备。

 

评估对RED指令的遵守情况

制造商和进口商可以通过三种方式确保产品或产品范围符合指令的关键要求。其中两个需要有公告机构的参与。

• 模块A -内部生产控制 制造商负责制定技术文件(必须包括符合相关产品标准的合格证明),执行内部生产控制并发布符合性声明。该模块仅适用于完全符合协调标准的产品。

• 模块B + C - EU-type考核(B)及基于内部生产控制的符合性(C) 这些模块对制造商的要求与模块A相同,但是需要一个公告机构(为模块B)来检查产生的技术文档,并为相关产品颁发EU-type检验证书。 使用这些模块对于任何尚未经过完全符合协调标准测试的产品进入欧盟市场是必不可少的。 它们也可以在自愿的基础上用于已经过协调标准测试的产品。 无论哪种方式,它们只能用于产品类型的符合性评估。

• 模块H -全面质量保证 制造商实施和管理包括无线电设备设计,测试和制造过程的质量系统,随后由认证机构通过对制造工厂的定期审核进行评估,认证和监控。 该模块允许对各种产品进行一致性测试,甚至包括几个不同的产品系列,并且还会将认证机构的编号与产品的CE标记一起显示。

 
 
 
 
 

Radio Equipment Directive 2014/53/EU came into force on 13th June 2016, replacing the R&TTE Directive 1999/05/CE。 To ensure a smooth transition, a year-long period was delineated during which both directives would apply。 However, as of 13th June 2017, all wireless devices must comply with the requirements of the RED Directive。 

 

Scope of Directive 2014/53/EU

The new Directive was developed to regulate the market access and launch of the growing number of interconnected electrical and electronic products making use of the radio spectrum. The Directive’s requirements apply to all devices that intentionally transmit or receive radio waves (with a few exceptions, including radio equipment for naval vessels, public-safety and government equipment, and some aeronautical devices). It should be noted that the RED covers products that did not fall within the scope of the R&TTE Directive, such as all types of radio receivers and equipment operating below 9 KHz.

 

Assessing compliance with the RED Directive

There are three ways in which manufacturers and importers can ensure that a product or product range complies with the key requirements of the Directive。 Two of these require the intervention of a Notified Body。

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• Module A – Internal production control 
The manufacturer is responsible for drawing up the technical documentation (which must include proof of conformity testing to the relevant product standards), carrying out an internal production control and issuing a declaration of conformity. 
This module is only available where products have been tested, completely, to Harmonised Standards.

 

• Modules B + C – EU-type examination (B) and Conformity to type based on internal production control (C) 
These modules make the same demands on the manufacturer as module A, but a Notified Body is required (for module B) to examine the resulting technical documentation and to issue an EU-type examination certificate for the product in question. 
The use of these modules is mandatory for the introduction into the EU market of any product that has not been tested, completely, to Harmonised Standards. They can also be used, on a voluntary basis, for products that have been tested to Harmonised Standards. Either way, they may only be used for the conformity assessment of a product type.

 

• Module H – Full quality assurance 
The manufacturer implements and manages a quality system encompassing radio equipment design, testing and manufacturing processes, which is subsequently assessed, certified and monitored by a Notified Body through periodic audits of the manufacturing plant. 
This module permits the conformity testing of a whole range of products, even of several different product ranges, and also allows the Notified Body number to be shown alongside the product’s CE Marking.

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